Online dating theory
This third assumption reflects Walther's contention that given sufficient time and accrual of messages, online relationships have the same capacity to become intimate as those that are established face to face.In addition, online comments are usually delivered rather quickly and efficiently.The third assumption of SIP states that different rates of information exchange and information accrual affect relationship development.Social information processing theory is suggesting that although the messages are verbal, communicators "adapt" to the restrictions of online medium, look for cues in the messages from others, and modify their language to the extent that the words compensate for the lack of nonverbal cues.These online relationships may help facilitate interactions that would not have occurred face-to-face due to factors such as geography and intergroup anxiety.Beginning in the 1990s, after the advent of the Internet and the World Wide Web, interest grew in studying how the Internet impacted the ways people communicate with each other.Bargh, Mc Kenna, and Fitzsimons (2002) conducted an experiment to test how the actual self and true self are expressed by people in face-to-face and computer-mediated interactions, and found that the actual self was more accessible following an initial face-to-face interaction, while the true self was more accessible following an initial interaction online.
Actual self is the set of qualities and characteristics that person actually possesses, the ideal self contains the attributes that a person hopes to someday achieve, and the ought self contains the attributes that a person believes he/she should possess.
Carl Rogers (1951) posited that there was another form of self, one that is not concerned with the future like the ideal and ought self.
He called it the true self: a present form of self that exists psychologically and is not always fully expressed within social settings like the actual self.
Two of those theoretical perspective that influenced Walther's theory are social presence theory and media richness theory.
Walther believes that both SPS and MRT suffer from a limited understanding of relational life online.
Researchers have found that social networking sites (SNS) like Facebook are filled with people who wish to provide a number of different self-presentations to others.